Beginners Guide To Stick Welding

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Stick welding is a method of joining metal parts together using a heated rod called a stick. The heat from the stick melts the ends of the pieces being joined, then they fuse together. This technique is commonly used in manufacturing industries such as automotive, aerospace, construction, and shipbuilding.

Stick welding is a relatively simple process, but it requires some practice to get good at it. In this video, we’ll show you how to start learning stick welding today.

What Is Stick Welding?

Stick welding is a slang term for shielded metal arc welding. The electrode is melted into the metal being joined. This allows the molten metal to fill the gap between the two pieces of metal. The molten metal fills the gap and makes the weld stronger.

Flux protects the weld pool from contamination. Shielding gases protect the weld pool from atmospheric contamination.

When melted, the flux will produce a layer of slag over the weld bead. Welders need to remove this slag before welding. Usually, they use a tool called a brazing rod to do this job.

How Does Stick Welding Work?

A stick welder machine uses electricity to melt metals. The first step is to connect the electrode holder and the grounding clamp to the power supply.

The polarity depends on the electrode you are welding with. Next, attach the ground clamp to the piece you will be working on, then connect the ground clamp to the ground. Finally, put the electrode into the stick holder and start the arc. Start the arc by striking the stick and lifting it slightly.

Shield metal arc welding is an advanced type of welding process used to join or repair metals. This technique uses a continuous stream of molten metal to fill a joint or seam.

Advantages Of Stick Welding

Stick welding is great for outdoor work. Gas welding isn’t good in windy conditions, but stick welding is still great. It’s easy to learn, and it’s easier than TIG welding.

Stick welding is an inexpensive method of welding. Welding fumes can be easily removed by using a fan. This is not true for other methods such as MIG or TIG. The versatility of this type of welding is great because you can weld a variety of different types of metals.

Portable welders are easy to use and transport. They do not require additional equipment like a gas cylinder.

Disadvantages Of Stick Welding

The  Stick welding process is much harder than MIG welding. You must keep your electrode away from the metal while it burns down. This makes cleaning up the mess very difficult. Also, Stick Welding takes longer than MIG welding. The welds produced by this method are usually less detailed and less intricate than those made using TIG welding.

Basics Of Stick Welding: Tips For Beginners

Stick welding is basically a slogan term that describes SMAW which is also known as MMAW or flux-shielded arc welding. The use is adopted from the fact the electrode is designed as a stick. The electrode is composed of solid metal rods which are coated with metal powders. The electrode is held in place by a binding agent.

Stick welding is a relatively uncomplex process and it is the simplest kind of welding that uses simple tools that are easy to use. Welding machines usually connect to a power source to produce a current that is either DC or AC in order to form an electric arc between the electrode and material being welded providing a filler material for the joint.

Stick welding is primarily used for large-scale projects. It is mainly used for repairing and maintaining heavy-duty metal structures. It is also used for making structural parts. Stick welding requires a lot of skill and experience. It is done by using an electric arc welder. It uses two electrodes to create an electrical current. These electrodes are connected to the power source via a cable. A torch is attached to the end of this cable. The torch heats up the electrode and melts the metal around it. When the molten metal cools down, it forms a solid bond with the surrounding metal.

Basics Of Stick Welding: Do’s And Don’ts

Here are some important things that everyone who works as a welder should focus on.

Choosing The Current Setting

DC is the standard setting for electrodes. Positive electrodes work better than negative ones when welding thin materials. The amperage should be set according to the material being welded and the position of the electrode.

The Right Electrode Size

When welding sheet metal, the larger the electrode, the better the weld. For overhead and vertical welds, the recommended size is 3/16 inches. For low hydrogen welds, a 5/32 inch electrode is recommended.

The Length Of The Arc

The diameter of the electrode is always greater than the length of the arc. Arc length must be less than or equal to the diameter of the electrode used.

The Angle Of Travel

Welding uses different techniques depending on the position of the electrode. For vertical welding, you need to tilt the electrode in the other direction.

The horizontal position is easier than the flat position because it uses the drag technique which needs an electrode perpendicular to the welding joints.

Clean And Dry Up The Joint Before Welding

You should clean your joints before welding them together. Cleaning helps you to avoid having problems with porosity. Porosity weakens the weld and makes it weaker than it should be. You can use different types of electrodes to penetrate through the substance, deep into the metal, and this will help you to deal with porosity.

Don’t Reuse An Electrode

Welding without using a partially used electrode is very important. You should avoid using a partially used electrode when welding. This prevents the formation of pores and other defects.

Have The Necessary Finishing Supplies

A good-looking and neat stick welder includes sandpaper, an angle grinder, and chipping hammers.

Stick Welding Problems And Troubleshooting Tips

There are quite a number of things that you need to know about welding before you start using it. You need to understand how to use it properly. You also need to be careful when you’re working because there are many dangers involved.

Wet Electrodes

Sometimes you may experience some rough arcs despite the fact that the polarity and current settings are within the manufacturer’s recommendations. This could be due to wet electrodes. If this happens, you should use dry electrodes and keep them in a heated cabinet.

Improper Fusion

A proper fusion is when the welder is attached strongly to the wall resulting in a solid bond. An improper fusion is physically visible and needs to be fixed before welding. To fix this improper fusion, use a higher currency and make the joint clean. If this doesn’t work, try using the weaving technique to fill the gap.

Wandering Arc

Arc welding requires a lot of currents to get started. When using an alternating current (AC) you can reduce the amount of current required by reducing the arc length. You can also switch to a lower voltage to reduce the amount of heat generated.

Shallow Penetration

This is simply the depth of welding. Welding is done by using a torch and electricity. A welder uses a wire to connect two pieces of metal together. When you use a torch, the heat melts the metal and then cools down. To make sure your weld is strong, you need to get the right amount of heat and current.


Cracks can be reduced by using low-hydrogen electrodes. Penetration should be reduced if there is a risk for cracking.

More Tips For Beginners

  • Safety First Always remember safety first! You need to make sure that all your equipment is safe before starting any project. If you have not been trained properly, you might get hurt if something goes wrong. Make sure that you know how to use your equipment safely.
  • Keep Your Tools Clean You must keep your tools clean at all times. If you don’t, then they will become dirty and rusty over time. This could cause serious problems when you try to use them. So, always take care of your tools.
  • Wear Proper Clothing while working. You need to wear clothes that protect you from getting burned or injured. Also, you need to wear protective gear like gloves, goggles, and ear protection.
  • Use Proper Equipment While welding, you need to use proper equipment. For example, you need to use a good quality welding rod. It needs to be made out of high-quality materials so that it does not crack or break during welding. Also, you need a good quality welding gun.
  • Avoid Using Too Much Heat You must avoid using too much heat when welding. You should only use enough heat to melt the metal. If you use more than what is needed, then it can damage your workpiece.


Welding is an art form that requires practice and experience. You must follow certain guidelines when welding to ensure that you get the results you want. Clean up your work area before you start welding. Choose the proper arc length, the correct electrode, and the correct speed. Identify any problems early on and fix them quickly.

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