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How often do you hear about someone who has lost power due to an emergency or a tree falling on their electrical lines? Well, this happens more often than you might realize. and If you live in a rural area or near a lake, then you should consider installing a backup generator.
But before you install the generator in your house, you should know that there are some things you need to consider. And one of the most important parts is the wiring and how it will be installed.
You can get an expert to help you with this, or if you don’t want to spend money on hiring one, then you can learn how to wire up a home generator yourself and how to run an extension cord from outside to inside. And the following article will give you instructions on how to run a generator cord into the house. So what’s the best way to run a generator cord into a house?
Why Will You Need The Generator?
The reason for having a generator is because they provide electricity when the grid goes down. Most people think that generators only work during emergencies, but they actually work all day long as well.
- Portable generators are very useful devices that provide reliable power during emergencies. They’re also very easy to use, and you can easily store them away when there isn’t an emergency.
- Portable generators should be connected to a breaker panel or an electrical outlet. You need to make sure that the generator does not overload any circuits.
- If your home uses solar panels, you will want to connect the generator to a separate circuit. This helps protect your system from damage.
- You may have heard of people having problems with their appliances after a storm. When this happens, it’s usually caused by damaged wires. The same thing can happen if you don’t properly wire your generator.
First, Determine Your Electrical Load
It’s best to determine what kind of load you have in your home so you can plan accordingly. for example, a refrigerator consumes around 200-300 watts. And a microwave oven can consume 500 watts.
However, rated power is usually indicated on a generator to ensure that you do not overheat the generator. Overheating the generator could cause permanent damage to the generator or other equipment like the cords.
Wiring The Generator
Generators need to be protected from harsh weather conditions. They also emit dangerous gases, so they should be kept out of enclosed spaces. There are many different ways to connect a generator to a house. They include outdoor power supply, indoor power supply, and direct connection.
Extension cords are simple and easy to use. You should always use an extension cord Extension rated for generators.
Cords are cheap and easy to use. You can plug them into any outlet and run your appliance off of it. However, they do require installation and are not suitable for hard-wiring.
Transfer switches are more complicated than extension cords. You need to hire a professional to do the installation. But, it is much easier than using multiple extension cords. Also, it is safer because it is done by professionals.
Direct connections are used when the generator is installed in the basement. It provides power directly to the breaker box. However, direct connections are expensive and difficult to install.
It is recommended that you hire a professional to install a generator. If you choose to do it yourself, you should know exactly where to place the generator and which outlets to use.
How To Run Generator Cord Through A Wall
Running a generator cord through a wall requires special equipment. And a hole needs to be made in the wall so that the generator can pass through. Then, a conduit needs to be installed inside the wall, which has a fitting at each end.
One end of the conduit is attached to the generator, while the other end is attached to the receptacle. and It’s important to remember that the generator must be plugged into a grounded outlet.
The advantage of running a generator cord through a pipe is that it is safe. However, you cannot easily move the generator without disconnecting the cord.
Connect Generator To House
Generators can be used as backup power if there is a sudden loss of electricity. Hooking up an extension cord to hook up a generator to a house is simple, but it is a mess.
To make it clean and more easily accessible, install a generator plug for your house. and Install double outlet receptacles for a clean electrical connection and three-prong round plugs and wires for connecting the power inlets box to portable generators. And use a watt tester to measure the power consumption of your portable generator.
A hand drill, an oscillating tool, a metal waterproof box, and a safety gear are needed to make a hole in the wall and fix the receptacle. An extension cord, a hand drill, an oscillation tool, a metal waterproof case, and a safety gear should be used to connect the power inlet inside the house to the generator.
A generator set is used to provide backup power when there is a power outage.
Sealant is used to make sure water doesn’t get into electrical equipment. An extension cord is needed to connect the generator to the outlet. The length of the extension cord should be at least 25 feet.
A generator power with 3500 watts and 30 amp breakers, 120 volt electrical supply is enough to run your house during an emergency. You don’t need any other equipment to make sure you’re protected if there’s a blackout.
And automatic transfer switches are used to connect generators to houses. They are also used to protect your house from power surges. and they have surge suppressors and fuses.
Also, the automatic transfer switch connects the generator to the main breaker panel. A manual transfer switch allows you to disconnect the generator from the main circuit breaker panel.
However, The manual transfer switch is usually mounted on the outside of the building. The automatic transfer switch is usually located inside the building. Anyway, If you decide to install a transfer switch, make sure that the switch is connected to a GFCI (ground fault circuit interrupter) outlet. The GFCI outlet will protect your family from electrocution.
Create A Place For The Outlet Utility Box
Before starting to build the box, measure the distance between the wall studs. The length of the box will depend on how far apart these studs are. Measure the height of each stud as well.
- Use a pencil to mark the center of each stud where the box will go. Then draw two lines across the center of the studs. These lines represent the top and bottom of the box.
- Measure the width of the box. Mark the center of one side of the box. Draw a line across this center point. This represents the right edge of the box.
- Measure the remaining sides of the box. Mark them as well. Be careful to keep the measurements consistent throughout the project.
- Place the first piece of plywood over the studs. Make sure the edges of the plywood are flush against the studs.
- Cut out the box with a circular saw or jigsaw. Cut along the lines marked earlier.
- Install the outlet box cover plate. Screw the cover plate to the box. Drill pilot holes for screws.
- Attach the box to the studs. Attach the box to the stud with four 2 1/2 inch wood screws. Drive the screws through the faceplate and into the studs.
- Attach the outlet box cover plate to the box with 4 1/4 inch screws.
Drill A Hole For Running Your Generator Cables To The Outlet
You should use a larger size drill bit to create a hole in your wall to install an outlet. Make sure that the hole is big enough to fit the wire you plan to put into it.
Drill a hole using a 3/8 inch drill bit. Use a hammer to tap the screw into place.
Insert a washer and nut onto the screw head. Tighten the nut so that the screw can hold the plug securely.
Install the outlet. Attach the outlet to the backside of the box.
Connect the wires to the outlet. Wire nuts must be installed before connecting the wires to the outlet box.
Run the wires through the hole in the wall. Secure the wires by wrapping them around the drywall anchors.
Connect the wires coming from the generator to the wires coming from the outlet. Wrap the ends of the wires together.
Secure the wires to the box with tape. Tape the wires to prevent them from being pulled off of the box.
Install the cover plate. Screw the plate to the box.
Run Electrical Wires Through The Wall
After completing step 3, you should now have a hole in the wall for running electrical cables. You may want to add some insulation to the area where the cable goes through the wall.
If you do not need to run any more wiring, then you can stop here. If you would like to continue, you will need to:
Add Insulation To The Cable Holes
Insulate the cable holes with fiberglass insulation. Fiberglass insulation is available at most home improvement stores. It comes in rolls and sticks.
Fiberglass insulation is designed to insulate the walls of buildings. The material has a white color on the outside and a grayish-white inside. When applied properly, it does a good job of keeping heat from escaping.
Install The Waterproof Box Outside Your Wall
On the outside wall, install a waterproof box. This box protects your end plug from any damage. You can use an electric box for covering the end plugs. However, if needed you may want to buy a bigger safety box if you have more than two wires.
The waterproof box should be placed so it won’t get wet. If you live in an area with heavy rain, make sure the box has drainage holes so water doesn’t accumulate inside.
Connect The Wire Into The Outlet
To connect the wires to your wall socket, insert the other end with a plug outside your home. Once inserted, you can now assemble your outlet kit inside. When assembling the outlet and the wire together, you can seal the external and internal holes with a sealant. This is needed for waterproofing your installation.
Once done, turn off the power supply and test the outlet. It should work fine after installing the outlet kit.
Connect Generator To Outlet And Test It
A power consumption tester should be plugged into the generator inlet. You must turn on the generator before you use the tester. Your generator may produce more or less than what you see on the tester. The tester shows how much power your generator produces.
When using the tester, check whether there are any sparks coming out of the generator. If there are, shut off the generator immediately.
Connect The Electrical Wiring
If you have a generator with a single breaker panel, then you will need to add another circuit breaker to the existing circuit breaker panel.
If you have a generator with multiple breaker panels, then you can install a new circuit breaker panel.
Connect the wires to the breaker panel by following the instructions provided by the manufacturer.
Connect The Generator Power Inlet Box
Connect the power inlet box to the generator. Check the wiring diagram included with the generator. and follow the instructions to determine which wires connect to what terminals.
Connect The Generators Power Cable
Connect the generator’s power cable to the power inlet box by following the instructions provided by the generator.
Connect The Line Cord
Connect the line cord to the power inlet boxes. Check the wiring diagram provided with the generator. Follow instructions to determine which wires are connected to which terminals.
Connect The Grounding Wire
Connect the grounding wire from the generator to the ground rod that was installed during construction. Connect it using a screwdriver.
Test The Connection
- Plugin the power cord from the outlet to the power source. Turn on the generator and test the connection again.
- Make Sure All Wires Are Connected Properly
- Check all the wires to ensure they are connected properly. It’s important to note that some generators come with multiple cords. And check which cord goes where.
Never Forget About Grounding
Grounding is very important when working with electricity. If you don’t ground the generator, you could be exposed to dangerous voltages. To avoid this, make sure you ground the generator.
Check the Voltage Level
Once you’ve grounded the generator, check its voltage level. A good voltage level is between 120V and 240V. If the voltage level is lower than 120V, you need to add a step-up transformer.
Run The Generator Cords Through The House
The next step is to run the cables inside the walls. Start at the outside corner of the room where the generator will be installed.
Start with the generator’s power cable. Run the cable through the hole cut in the drywall and continue running the generator’s power cable through the house until all the cables are in place.
Then run the line cords next. If the generator has a separate power inlet box, then follow the same steps. Otherwise, continue running the generator’s power cables through the house.
Connect The Generator To The Power Supply
Turn off the main breaker switch on the wall. And connect the generator’s power supply connector to the power supply receptacle. then turn on the main breaker switch. The generator should start immediately.
Test The Generator First
After installing your generator, it is important to test its operation before using it. To do so, turn on the generator and check the voltage level. You may also want to plug an appliance into the generator to make sure it works properly.
Using The Generator Safely
Always consult a specialist about the dos and don’t to avoid putting yourself and your family at risk. And you should follow safety guidelines:
- Never run a generator indoors to avoid carbon monoxide poisoning or a house fire.
- Use extension cords designed for heavy-duty use.
- Make sure your power supply is checked by an electrician before using it.
- Turn off all appliances when the generator is turned on.
- Allow the unit to cool down after use.
- Do not leave the unit unattended. Keep children and animals away from the generator.
- Be aware that the noise level generated by generators can be high.
- If possible, try to locate the generator outside or install soundproofing materials.
Generators are great tools for emergencies. They provide enough power to keep appliances running during power failures. Generators also help you save energy because they generate their own power.
However, Installing a generator into your home can be tricky. There are several different ways to go about doing this especially if it’s about wiring up the generator. Some homeowners prefer to hire professionals while others choose to learn how to do it themselves. Either way, it’s useful to follow the guidelines above.
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